GK Exam – Population and Associated Issues, Poverty and Development Issues

National Registry of Citizens
Context: The Supreme Court has extended its June 30 deadline for publication of the final draft of the Assam National Citizen Registry (NRC) by one month.
ï ?? § The first draft of the NRC, which was published in January, listed only 1.9 million people as citizens of the 3.9 million people who had applied for the NRC.
ï ?? § The updated NRC will count only those as citizens of Assam who can prove their residency on or before March 21, 1971. This means that everyone who is not included in the list is at risk of becoming illegal immigrants.

What is the National Registry of Citizens (NRC)?
The NRC was introduced to identify illegal immigrants from Bangladesh and recognize Indian citizens in Assam. It was first prepared in 1951 and Assam is the only state that has this arrangement.

Why is the NRC updated in Assam?
Updating the NRC basically means the process of listing the names of those people (or their descendants) whose names appear on any of the electoral lists up to 1971, 1951 NRC or any of the stipulated admissible documents.

Far ahead:
The need of the moment, therefore, is for the Union Government to dispel the apprehensions that are currently in the minds of the people of Assam and take steps to contain any adverse effects after the publication of the final draft of the NRC. At the same time, you must also specify what you intend to do with people whose names are not listed on the final NRC.

Facts for the preliminaries:
ï ?? § Assam, which has faced the influx of people from Bangladesh for many years, is the only state that has an NRC.
ï ?? § The NRC will be updated in accordance with the provisions of the Citizenship Act 1955 and the Citizenship Rules (Citizen Registration and Issuance of National Identity Cards) of 2003.

What is important?
ï ?? § For preliminaries: NRC.
ï ?? § For Red: Need for a policy on migrants.
I ?? §
Outstanding features of the People’s Representation Act.
Indian Census Context: According to an amended rule notified by the Registrar General of India (RGI), data collected during the 2021 Census will be stored electronically, the first time since the decennial exercise was conducted in 1951 in Independent India.
Census of India:
ï ?? § The decennial census of India has been conducted 15 times, beginning in 2011. While it has been conducted every 10 years, beginning in 1872, the first complete census was conducted in the year 1881.
ï ?? § After 1949, it has been carried out by the Secretary General and the Census Commissioner of India under the Ministry of the Interior of the Government of India.
ï ?? § All census since 1951 is conducted under the Indian Census Act of 1948.
Facts for the preliminaries:
ï ?? § The celebrated ‘Arthashastr’ of ‘Kautilya’ written in the 3rd century BC prescribed the collection of population statistics as a measure of state policy for taxes. It contained a detailed description of methods for conducting population, economic, and agricultural censuses.
ï ?? § During the regime of Mughal King Akbar, the ‘Ain-e-Akbari’ administrative report included comprehensive data related to population, industry, wealth and many other characteristics.
ï ?? § The Delimitation / Reservation of Districts – Parliamentarians / Assemblies / Panchayats and other Local Bodies is also carried out on the basis of the demographic data produced by the Census.
What is important?
For the preliminaries: Census: need, importance and uses.
Transparency and accountability and institutional and other measures.

Systematic Voter Education and Voter Participation (SVEEP)
Context: The Election Commission of India has launched a dedicated portal for ECI’s “Systematic Voter Participation and Education” (SVEEP).

What is Systematic Electoral Education and Participation (SVEEP)?
ï ?? § SVEEP is a multi-intervention program through different modes and media designed to educate citizens, voters and voters about the electoral process in order to increase their awareness and participation in the electoral processes.
ï ?? § The SVEEP is designed according to the socio-economic, cultural and demographic profile of the state as well as the history of electoral participation in previous rounds of elections and their learning.
ï ?? § Now includes improved interaction with citizens through social media, online contests, and voter festivals; raising awareness of new initiatives to link EPIC with AADHAAR and the National Voter Service Portal and a regularized annual plan of activities.
ï ?? § In addition to the target groups of women, youth, urban voters and underserved sections, the inclusion of groups such as service voters, NRIs, people with disabilities, potential voters / students is the main focus.

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